CICA is here to make awards for victims of BLAMELESS VIOLENT CRIMES
The Criminal Injuries Compensation Authority (CICA) is an executive agency of the UK Government. The Authority, established in 1996 and based in Glasgow, administers a compensation scheme for injuries caused to victims of violent crime in England, Scotland and Wales.
History of CICA
Since the scheme was set up in 1964, the Authority has paid more than £3 billion in compensation, making it among the largest and most generous of its type in the world.
Since the closure of its London office, CICA has employed 450 civil service staff from the Scottish Government and the Ministry of Justice in an office in Glasgow to process and decide on applications for compensation from victims of violent crime. Each year, some 65,000 applications are received and nearly £200 million is paid in compensation payments.
The payment system is based on a 35 tier system split into two parts. Part A of the CICA tariff covers injuries such as burns, paralysis, medically recognised illness, mental injury, peripheral sensory nerve damage and motor nerve damage as well as injuries to the head and neck, upper limbs, torso and lower limbs. Part B of the tariff covers fatal injuries, physical abuse in adults, sexual abuse, child abuse, infection as a result of sexual abuse and loss of foetus.
Why is CICA needed?
CICA was established to help those who have been a victim of a violent crime or who have been injured because of a justified risk; such as helping a Police constable or preventing a crime. Often with violent crime, the criminal or the person(s) liable may not be identified and therefore can’t be sued in the traditional way – CICA can help tremendously with victims of such incidents.
CICA can also help with victims of historical abuse such as victims of child abuse and historical sexual abuse. Essentially, CICA can help victims when traditional lawsuits may not be able to. It has been set up solely to help victims of crime.
Injuries claimed for must have been caused by a ‘crime of violence’. Annex B of the 2012 scheme sets out what this means. The first step is to establish that a crime has been committed. Whether it is a crime of violence is a more complex issue but the most typical examples are assault, murder, rape and sexual abuse. It is possible to claim for psychological injury resulting from witnessing an attack on someone else, in very limited circumstances.
The time limit for claiming compensation is two years from the date the injury occurred. There are slightly different rules in the case of applicants who are children, or who were children when they were injured. The time limit may be extended in exceptional circumstances but is treated very strictly. Ignorance of the existence of the scheme and the availability of compensation is not usually accepted as an excuse for a late application.
Residency criteria, introduced for the first time in Paragraphs 10 to 16 of the 2012 Scheme, restrict eligibility to those who are ordinarily resident in the UK, or are one of the following:
- a British citizen
- a close relative of a British citizen
- a national of a member state of the European Union or the European Economic Area
- a person who had a right to be in the United Kingdom by virtue of being a family member of a national of a member state of the European Union or the European Economic Area
- a national of a State party to the Council of Europe Convention on the Compensation of Victims of Violent Crimes (CETS No. 116, 1983)
- a member of the armed forces
- an accompanying close relative of a member of the armed forces.
How can CICA help me?
The CICA scheme can help victims of violent crime move on with their lives as they can achieve civil justice and financial compensation. Victims of violent crime can often suffer for long periods of time after the event, in some serious cases it can affect the rest of their lives. The CICA scheme can help reward the victims financially which can help with:
- Loss of earnings
- Property Damage
- Vehicle Repairs
- Re-constructive Surgery
- Be able to move location and leave a violent area